This site will look at the history of the ganja(marijuana) plant along with its primitive uses and how it became contraband. In addition, it will also at how non-secular nature of the Caribbean may have influenced the state of marijuana today
The Caribbean is an archipelago that is diverse yet shares many similar attributes. Agriculture is one such attribute that many islands shared due to a history of colonialism. Even after independence from former colonial rule, many of the islands still relies on agricultural produce and export for finance. With the combination of the fertile soil and tropical weather, the Caribbean became an ideal breeding ground for quality marijuana. The popularity of plant was sparked by the arrival of the indentured Indians, as the as the advent of the Rastafarian movement.
Jamaica and St. Vincent and the Grenadines remain two of the largest suppliers of cannabis in the region, yet it is still illegal in both countries mainly due to the drug trade and the fact that both nations along with much of the Caribbean are still very conservative towards drug laws. To this day, the legalization of Marijuana is still being challenged throughout the Caribbean. According to the 1961 Single Conventions on Narcotic Drugs, 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Drugs and the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances it is illegal to grow, possess, transport and consume marijuana. (Abel, 2011) Countries failing to enforce similar laws can face sanctions as well as tarnish diplomatic relationships. As a result, the growing and exporting marijuana became a black-market business where the lucrative benefits of the plant are becoming more noticeable
Rough, Lisa. “Jamaica’s Cannabis Roots: The History of Ganja on the Island.” Leafly, 15 May 2015, http://www.leafly.com/news/lifestyle/jamaicas-roots-the-history-of-ganja-on-the-island.
Abel, et al. “Decriminalization of Marijuana: Is This a Realistic Public Mental Health Policy for Jamaica? .” West Indian Medical Journal, vol. 60, no. 3, June 2011.